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Approximately, there are 60 on-going   conflicts around the world involving around 365 militias, guerillas, and separatist groups, waging their struggle against governments or with other factions. Of the total number of worldwide armed conflicts, 24 are in Africa; 15 are in Asia; 8 are in Europe; 8 are in the Middle East; and 5 are in the Americas.

The staggering casualties of global armed conflicts are alarming. While the on-going conflict in Sudan since 2003 has killed already more than 200,000 people, the Iraq War (2003-2011).  The eight years Congo conflict from 1999 to 2007 had claimed at least 60,000 lives and the current Afghanistan War has already recorded an estimated 45,000 casualties.

Mexico is proof  that nacro-conflict could be as devastating as an armed conflict with another country. To date, the the so-called Mexican Drug War has claimed more that 47,000 lives since 2006.  The recent civil war in Libya (2011) which overthrew Muammar Gaddafi cost more than 30,000 deaths and the on-going conflict in Pakistan (since 2004)  has already a total of 36,000 deaths.  The current civil war in Syria, the revolt of militants against the Assad Government has an estimated 35,000 casualties.

GLOBAL HOTSPOTS PER REGION

AFRICA

ASIA

EUROPE

AMERICAS

MIDDLE EAST

Darfur

Democratic

Republic of Congo

Libya

Mali

Nigeria

Puntland

Somalia

Somaliland

Afghanistan

Burma-Myanmar

Pakistan

Chechnya

Dagestan

 

Colombia

Mexico

USA (in Iraq and Afghanistan)

Iraq

Israel

Palestine

Syria

Turkey

Yemen

References:
http://necrometrics.com/wars21c.htm
http://www.warsintheworld.com/

WORLD MONITOR GLOBAL CONFLICTS

 

AMERICAS

 

Colombia,  FARC Revolutionary War (1964 to present)                 

 

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia  is a Colombian Marxist-Leninist revolutionary guerrilla group engaging in armed struggle against the  Colombian government.  The revolutionary group is  also known  as FARC, the abbreviation for their Spanish name Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia. FARC claims that they represent the Colombian people, especially the poor, committed to fight imperialism,  excesses of  the bourgeois system, and abuses of the government.FARC has resorted into the drug trade, extortion, kidnapping, and drug-trade in order to finance their revolution. The group   is also  accused of assassinations and  extra-judicial killings as part of their strategy. The armed conflict between the government and FARC is still on-going and has resulted into more than 250,000 fatalities.

 

 Peru, Shinning Path Revolution (1980 to present)                 

 

The Shining Path is a revolutionary Maoist group fighting to establish a  Communist regime in   Peru .  Like most communist insurgency, The Shining Path wants to topple the 'bourgeois democracy' and replace it with a proletariat system.                    Western countries categorize The Shining Path as terrorist group responsible for violent deaths and human rights violations in Peru. The group declined both in influence and capability after  the capture of its leader Abimael Guzmán in 1992. This insurgency has caused more than  70,000 casualties  since it started in 1980.

 

                                                      

 

Mexico                  Mexican Drug War(2006 to present)                 

 

The Mexican Drug War is an on-going armed struggle between various crime and illegal drug groups fighting for control in Mexico. These drug wars are infamous for its brutality and gangster-style  killings that has sown fear in the Mexican populace. In between the drug wars, the Mexcian police and even Military are  involved in nuetralizing the war between drug lords and crime bosses in Mexico.

 

Government is stepping-up efforts to suppress the illegal drug trade in Mexcio.  Although a  number of drug lords and crime bosses has been arrested, the underworld remains as a froce to reckon with in Mexco. It is estimated that illegal drug trade in Mexico has an annual revenue from $13.6 billion to 49.4 billion. At least 47,000 have been killed in dozens of drug-related violence involving drug cartels and government troops.

 

United States , US War on Terror in Afghanistan, 2001 to present)

 

Following the 9-11 terrorist attack against US in 2001, the US launched a 'War on Terror' against the Taliban Government in Afghanistan, believed to be hiding place of al-Qaida chief, Osama-bin Laden. After successfully overthrowing the Taliban rule, the US-led coalition forces occupied Afghanistan, hoping to  cuth the roots of radical Islamic terrorists. However, Taliban fighters continue to engage  American and Coalition forces with fierce armed battles.  The 10 year war has resulted into heavy casualties for American and Coalition troops, estimated to have reached more than 5,000 soldiers and  10,000 for  the Afghan army. Over 15,000 civilians have been killed since the beginning of the conflict. The US has given a timetable for the gradual withdrawal of US and Coalition troops in Afghanistan.

 

Post-US Occupation Insurgency                  The Iraqi (2003 to present)

 

 Insurgency refers to the insurgency led by Islamic  groups  1.) Against the US and international coalition troops in Iraq  2.) Versus current  Iraqi Government.  After the occupation of Iraq by US and Coalition forces, Islamic groups continue to wage guerilla warfare and terrorism in Iraq in order to overthrow current government. Attacks were also made against US and coalition troops who still remains in Iraq to help the government enforce peace and order.

 

 There are several Islamic groups involved in the insurgency with each faction motivated by their own objectives. The main insurgent groups are identified as the Ba'athists, Iraqi Nationalists, Sunni Islamist, Shia Islamist, the Badr Organization, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Muqtada al-Sadr, and  foreign guerillas, mostly from other Mid-Eastern countries.  

 

January 2009 estimate shows that more than 4,000 US soldiers, at least 178 British soldiers, and close to 150 soldiers from the coalition have died in the Iraq War and Insurgency. Added to this are more than 30,000 wounded US soldiers and an estimated 19,000 insurgents killed in this conflict.  It was also reported that the US holds 25,000 detainees who are believed to be members of Islamic insurgent groups.

 

AFRICA                                                     

 

Algeria, Insurgency  Maghreb (2002 to present)

 

The  Al-Qaida Organization in Islamic Maghreb is currently  waging terrorist activities in  Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria,. These countries are being supported by the  US, UK, European Union, Chad,  Spain, Netherlands, and France in order to  neutralize the Islamic group. The Al-Qaida has established local units in the said countries  and has sown violence and civil disturbances.                   The total casualties of this insurgency  have reached 6,000 people.

 

Angola , Cabinda Conflict (1994 to present)                  

 

The insurgency is being led by  the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave  against the government of Angola.  Cabinda Province is being disputed because of its  rich oil deposit and  ethnic differences within the region.  There is an estimated 1,500 casualties due to this conflict.

 

 Burkina Faso , Insurgency in the Maghreb  (2002 to present)                 

 

The  Al-Qaida Organization in Islamic Maghreb is currently  waging terrorist activities in  Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria,. These countries are being supported by the  US, UK, European Union, Chad,  Spain, Netherlands, and France in order to  neutralize the Islamic group. The Al-Qaida has established local units in the said countries  and has sown violence and civil disturbances.                   The total casualties of this insurgency  have  reached 6,000 people.

 

                                                                        

 

Central  African Republic , Lord's Resistance Army insurgency (1987 to present)                 

 

The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency is an ongoing guerrilla campaign waged since  by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebel group against  the governments of South  Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Central African Republic. This insurgency is led by Joseph Kony, a self-proclaimed spokesperson of God entrusted with a mission to overthrow the said governments in order to establish a  a theocratic state. This conflict is one of the longest running humanitarian crisis in the world.  The ongoing conflict  has resulted into the abduction of more than 20,000 children, the displacement of  at least 1.5 million people, and the killing of at least 100,000 civilians.  The LRA is also infamours for the rape, mutilation, torture, and human rights abuses it has inflicted to the populace. 

 

 Congo, Dem, Lord's Resistance Army insurgency (1987 to present)                 

 

 A cross-regional conflict, same as Central African Republic

 

East DR Congo conflict, (2012 to present)

 

This is an on-going mutiny by break-away armed forces fighting the government of DR of Congo. The mutiny is believed to be led by rebel Bosco Ntaganda of  National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP).  DR of  Congo has  accused Rwanda of funding the rebel group, an issue that is escalating political tensions between the two countries.                  This conflict has already a total of 200 casualties, 250  wounded, and  374 captured for the rebels; and 40 casualties, 93 wounded, and 600 desertions in the DR of Congo's side.

 

Cote d'Ivoire, The Ivorian Civil War (2002 to present)

 

The Ivorian Civil War is a conflict between a rebel-controlled north and a government-controlled south.  Ivory Coast remains divided despite lessened armed encounters between the two factions.                     UN Peace Keeping force has successfully established civil order in  conflict-torn region.  Although a peace agreement  was signed in March 2007, new hostilities erupted in 2011 because of the impasse on election results. 

 

 Egypt Operation Sinai, (2011 to present)                  

 

After the overthrow of Egyptian dictator Mubarak in 2011, radical Islamists groups took the opportunity to launch their insurgency against the newly-installed government. Egyptian government still pursuing crackdown operations to neutralize the radical Islamic insurgents.

 

Ethiopia, Insurgency in Ogaden                  (1995 to present)

 

This conflict is being waged by the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), a separatist group in Ethiopia. ONLF is a splinter group originally part of  Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front. It is estimated that conflict  have almost 9,000 casualties since the start of hostilities in 1995.

 

 Mali, Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002 to present)

 

 A cross-regional conflict  happening in Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria.

 

Tuareg Rebellion (2012 to present)                 

 

The Tuareg Rebellion of 2012 was launched by the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) during the northern Mali conflict. The rebellion is a war of independence against the Malian government.   After the  reconciling with the Malian government, the allied rebellion forces composed of Tuareg nationalists and Islamists  was divided a faction because of  ideological conflict.  The two insurgent factions engaged in armed conflict to fight for control of certain areas.

 

Mauritania Insurgency in the Maghreb  (2002 to present)

 

A cross-regional conflict  happening in Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria.

 

 Morocco, Insurgency in the Maghreb  (2002 to present)

 

A cross-regional conflict  happening in Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria.

 

Niger , Insurgency in the Maghreb  (2002 to present)

 

A cross-regional conflict  happening in Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria.                                                     

 

Nigeria                  , Nigerian Sharia conflict (1953 to present)                 

 

The Sharia Insurgency is an armed movement determined to establish the Sharia Law as the main source of legislation. Although Muslim narrowly makes up 50% of the population, nearly as many are Christians  Nigerian Muslims resorted to insurgency in order to  force the government  adapt Sharia Law. This has resulted into several clashes with government and casualties among civilians as well.                  The government is still dealing with the insurgency. It is estimated that there are more than 10,000 casualties due to this conflict.

 

 Insurgency in the Maghreb  (2002 to present)

 

A cross-regional conflict  happening in Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria.                 

 

Conflict in the Niger Delta (2004 to present)                 

 

The current conflict in the Niger Delta  in the early 1990s  was a result of  tension between the foreign oil corporations and a number of the Niger Delta's minority ethnic groups. These ethnic groups, , particularly the Ogoni and the Ijaw, claim that they were   being exploited. As ethnic and political unrest has  escalated throughout the 1990s, numerous armed groups arose to fight ogvernment over the oil-rich region. The conflict has  morphed from armed conflicts of insurgents against government into local wars between the groups of insurgents themselves. This has compelled the government to de-militarized the disputed region.  Widespread human rights abuses, injuries, and casualties are reported.

 

 Senegal, Casamance conflict (1982 to present)                 

 

The Casamance Conflict is a  civil war that is being been waged  the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance against  the Government of Senegal . Both groups are fightning over the Casamance region since  1982.                  The low-level civil war has an estimated 5,000 casualties.

 

 Insurgency in the Maghreb  (2002 to present)

 

A cross-regional conflict  happening in Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria.                                                     

 

Somalia,  the Somali Civil War (1991 to present)                 

 

After the ouster of military government, various armed factions statrted to fight over  control of the country  The on-going conflict has already  claimed 300,000-400,000 casualties. UN Peacekeeping forces occupy the war-torn country to maintain peace. Creating autonomous regions among competing factions are one of the solutions being  considered.

 

SOUTH AFRICA

 

Sudan,Lord's Resistance Army insurgency (1987 to present)                 

 

A cross-regional conflict, same description  as Central African Republic

 

The Sudan–SPLM-N Conflict                 

 

The Sudan–SPLM-N conflict is an ongoing conflict is an armed struggle pursued by  the Sudan Revolutionary Front (Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) against the Army of Sudan. The oil rich region of  Abyei in the core reason for the dispute.  The war has already affected at least 1.4 million people and displaced more than 200,000 people.  

 

Tunisia, Insurgency in the Maghreb  (2002 to present)

 

A cross-regional conflict  happening in Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, Senegal, Azawad, Burkina Faso  and Nigeria.                                                     

 

 ASIA                                                     

 

Afghanistan, US War on Terror in Afghanistan (2003 to present)

 

Same description in US  entry.

 

Bahrain                  , Bahraini Uprising (2011 to present)

 

 As part of the so-called ‘ Arab Spring, the Bahraini Uprising is a series of protest and demonstrations against the Bahrain Government, a call to end the monarchical rule, censorship, repression, and the reestablishment of  greater political freedom. Although the government has substantially quelled the uprising, the underground movement are still active in organizing resistance, demonstrations, and protests.                   Although the government has substantially quelled the uprising, the underground movement are still active in organizing resistance, demonstrations, and protests.  There are over 200 casualties among the protesters.

 

 Cambodia, South Thailand Insurgency (2004 to present)                 

 

The conflict is due to the armed movement launched by an ethnic separatist group in Southern Thailand  seeking to gain independence from Thailand.  It was assessed that the one of the possible root causes of the conflict is the resistance of the predominantly Islamic populace  over the prevalent Buddhist culture in that region                  The insurgency is on-going with an estimated 4,800 casualties.

 

China , Uighur Insurgency (2009 to present)

 

The Uighur  populace is  composed by an ethnic Turkic group of Muslims. Their region is referred to by the Chinese as  the  Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. In 2009, Native Uighur population living in the far-Western province of Xianjiang  clashed against transplanted Chinese majority Han residents of  Urumchi. After government mishandled the attack of Han factory workers against Uyghurs, the former staged a peaceful protest. However the protest turned violent and Uyghurs clashed with the police that resulted into 156 dead and 1,000 people injured.   From then on, the Chinese government was accused of suppressing religious and civil liberties of the autonomous region and has resulted into insurgency.Although Uighur insurgents are not well-armed, they pose threats and violence to government and Chinese ethnic groups. The UN stated that the Chinese government is using 'counter-terrorism' to disguise their ethnic persecution to the Uighurs.

 

 India, Naxalite–Maoist insurgency (1967 to present)                 

 

The Naxalite-Maoist Insurgency originated in the village of Naxalbari, a  western state in West Bengal, India. Naxals are radical Maoists  rebels seeking to establish a communist regime in 1967. From then on, communist insurgencies even of different factions were termed as  'Naxalite'.  The Maoist insurgency has spread in other states whereby the Naxalites have increased both in membership and strength. By 2006, government estimates that the Naxalites have  20,000 members. Although some of the Maoist groups have entered mainstream politics,  several factions  continue their armed proletariat struggle against the government.  These Maoist militant continues to operate in India, fighting alleged corruption and exploitation both in government and in private corporations.  It is estimated that the conflict has already 11,500 casualties.

 

 

 

 

 

Assam Conflict (1979 to present)

 

The Assam conflict is an ongoing insurgency  in the Assam state of India. Assamese are resisting the internal colonization by the Indian Government. There are several Assamese insurgent groups resisting Indian government authority. Among these separatist groups are United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA), Adivasi National Liberation Army, Karbi Longri N.C. Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF) and National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB).                  The conflict has already claimed  more than 30,000 casualties.

 

 India-Pakistan Kashmir Conflict (1989 to present)                  

 

This is a territorial dispute between Indian and Pakistan over the Kashmir region in the northwestern region of South Asia. Pakistan is contesting India’s claim of the state of Jammi and Kashmir. Both countries  have fought at least three major wars over Kashmir in the years 1947, 1965 and 1999. To date, India and Pakistan have also been involved in several skirmishes and armed conflicts in their borders.  To date, India and Pakistan have also been involved in several skirmishes and armed conflicts along their borders. It is estimated that the 7,000 Indian military, 20,000 Kashmir rebels, and 100,000 thousand civilians have been killed in this conflict.

 

Indonesia, Papua-Indonesia Conflict (1963 to present)                 

 

As Muslims narrowly form the majority of the population, many of them demand to introduce the Sharia - the Islamic law - as the main source of legislation. 12 Northern states have introduced sharia as the base of the executive and the judiciary in the years 1999 and 2000. This is launched by the Free Papua Movement (OPM), a resistance and liberation group, seeking independence from Indonesia. The  fighting occurs predominantly Within Papua and West Papua, both provinces on New Guinea.                  It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 displaced people and over 400,000 casualties brought about by this long-standing  conflict.

 

 Iran, Kurdish Separatism (1918 to present)                 

 

Known as the 'The Kurdish Separatism in Iran' ,or the Kurdish–Iranian Conflict   involves  a separatist  struggle  by the Kurdish opposition in Western Iran against the Iranian Government.  The Kurdish people have suffered untold injuries and casualties due to this ongoing conflict with the Iranian government.  It is estimated that at least 60,000 people have already died in this armed struggle. 

 

Balochistan conflict between Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran (1984 to present)                 

 

The Balochistan Conflict is being waged by  Baloch nationalists and the Government of Pakistan over Balochistan, a disputed region mostly populated by ethnic Balochs.  Baloch insurgetn groups are fighting against human rights abuses and demand for increased royalties, and autonomy. This complicated geopolitical hotbed also involves  Iran, Pakistan, and even Afghanistan whose areas  overlap with the Baloch region. The conflict has already claimed 25,000 casualties.

 

 

 

Iraq, Post-US Occupation Insurgency (2003 to present)

 

Same description in the US entry

 

Israel,  Israel-Palestinian Conflict (1948 to present)

 

The cause of  Israeli-Palestinian Conflict is rooted in several complicated factors such as mutual sovereign  recognition of both  states, border issues, Israeli settlements, rights and access to water sources,  historical atrocities,  the  'Jeruslaem issue', and restrictions of Palestinian liberties.  Throughout this long conflict, scores of encounters between Israeli  and Palestinian  armies have caused political tensions to escalate, further dividing the chance for a peaceful settlement. The conflict remains unresolved as neither countries are open to compromise their demands in order to reach a peaceful resolution.  The establishment of the Palestinian State in the West Bank and Gaza Strip is still being negotiated by both countries.

 

Post-occupation Insurgency (2011 to present)                 

 

Palestinian guerillas continue to engage Israel in border wars and minor armed clashes to protest ideological and geopolitical issues.  There are at least  2,500 casualties in the on-going conflict.

 

 Laos , Insurgency in Laos (1969 to present)                 

 

The Laos Insurgency is due to ongoing conflicts involving the  Lao People’s Army, the Hmongs, Royalists-in-Exile, and the Rights Wings, and Pather Lao.  Each of the insurgent groups  are fighting for separate causes: the re-establishment of the Royals, overthrow communism, and separatism based on ethic history.  Both pro and anti-government factions are funded by different countries with vested interests of their own.                  The armed struggle between government and insurgent groups is still on-going and has resulted into thousands of casualties and displacements.  The insurgency is substantially quelled.

 

Lebanon,  Lebanon-Syria Sectarian Conflict (2011 to present)                 

 

This is an on-going conflict between Anti-Syrian government militants  against pro-Syrian Government militants and Lebanese security forces along the Tripoli, Beirut, and Lebanon border. Sporadic fighting still occurs with a total of 73 casualties and 425 wounded.

 

 Myanmar, Myanmar Insurgency (1948 to present)

 

For more than 50 years, various ethnic groups are forming insurgent groups to rebel against the military-government of Myanmar, accused of corruption, human rights violations, and abuses.These are the current insurgent organizations in Myanmar:  Arakan National Organization, Chin National Army, Chin National Front, Democratic Karen Burmese Army (DKBA), Eastern Shan State Army (ESSA), God's Army, Kachin Defense Army (KDA),Kachin Independence Organization (KIO), Karen National Defense Organization (KNDO), Karen National Union (KNU), Mong Tai Army (MTA), Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), Naga National Council, National United Front of Arakan (NUFA), Rohingya Solidarity Organization ,United Wa State Army (UWSA), Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors.  There were several efforst to brokers for peace or temporary ceasefire. Despite of these efforts, the insurgency still continious sometimes with major encounters. These civil strife had caused displacement of people and refugees fleeing to border countries. It is estimated that more that this conflict have resulted into 700,000 casualties

 

 Pakistan, Balochistan Conflict between Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran (1948 to present)                    

 

Same description in countries involved.                                                     

 

India-Pakistan Kashmir Conflict                  (1989 to present)

 

Same description as in India

 

The conflict between North  and West Pakistan (2004 to present)                 

 

This is an armed conflict between the Pakistan Armed Forces  versus  various armed religious groups. Among the rebellious militants fighting the government are   the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Lashkar-e-Islam, TNSM, 055 Brigade, and Central Asian militants including Al-Qaeda, regional armed movements, and  organized crime groups. The United States continues to support the  Government of Pakistan  to combat the militant Islamic groups with particular focus on the Taliban and Al-Qaeda.  It is reported that  Pakistan has received about $18 billion from the United States for the logistics, military and operational  support. The involvement of the US is part of its 'War on Terror' that begun during the Bush Administration.   To date, the US gives aid to the government in strengthen the military against the radical  Islamic groups. This conflict has claimed more than 38,000 casualties.

 

Papua New Guinea, Papua-Indonesia Conflict (1963 to present)                 

 

Same description as in Indonesia entry.

 

 Philippines, Philippine Communist Insurgency (1968 to present)                 

 

The communist insurgency in the Philippines is being carried out by  its  armed militant group, the New People's Army  (NPA). Founded by Jose Ma. Sison in 1968, the Communist Party aims to  overthrow the democratic-republican government and establish a proletariat one. It gained strength during the reign of Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos from 1968 to the early 80's. The strength and influence of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) has steadily declined since the restoration of the democracy in 1986. As political and social reforms are carried out by transition governments, the NPA membership has dwindled down. Although the NPA is still a threat to the populace and government, it has ceased to be a serious threat to overthrow the government. The NPA has resorted to extortion and imposition of revolutionary taxes to raise funds. Its founder, Jose Ma. Sison,   exiled in Europe. Leadership issues have caused splinter groups among the CCP and NPA.

 

Islamic insurgency in the Philippines (1968 to present)                 

 

The Islamic insurgency in the Philippines started in 1968 after  Marcos massacred Muslin soldiers Jabidah. Nur Misuari, a Muslim professor in the Philippines established the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). Armed conflict in Mindanao (southern island in the Philippines populated by Muslims) escalated into full blown war between government forces and the MNLF.  Later on, another armed Muslim faction, Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) was established to fight for  the cessation of Mindanao from the Philippines. Different administrations  have engaged in armed conflict with  MNLF and the MILF  since 1968.  The armed conflict has caused displacement, casualties, and economic instability in Mindanao. Both the MNLF and MILF have been identified with Islamic radicals like the Al Quaeda and Abu Sayaf.  The peace process has been on and off between government and the Muslim insurgents. To date, the government is finalizing the peace process despite continued tension in the region. It is estimated that the conflict has more 160,000 casualties.

 

 Russia, Insurgency in the North Caucasus (2009 to present)                 

 

The North Caucasus insurgency is caused by ethnic rebellion of  armed militants in the region. North Caucasus seeks to separate itself from Russia and establish it own state.The armed engagement between Russian forces and the rebels has escalated and resulted into violent deaths. In 2009,  235   government personnel  and 541 rebels were  killed during their encounters.  Although the encounters have lessened,  sporadic fighting still continues in the region resulting to injuries and casualties.  Over 650 government soldiers were killed and more than 1,000 were injured during the conflicts. On the other hand, the rebels have more than 1,000 casualties since 2009.

 

 Syria, Syrian Uprising (2011 to present)                 

 

 The Syrian Uprising is considered part of the so-called ' Arab Spring', a revolutionary movement in the Middle-East  that resulted into the ousting of Arab dictators. In 2011, Syrian government forces opened fire to a peace rally  and killed civilians. The  Protesters were seeking to   end  50 year rule of Ba’ath Party rule and the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad.This triggered a series of events that resulted into a full-blown armed rebellion against   the Syrian government.The UN estimates that  more than 32,00 people have been killed,  more than half of which  are civilians and around   12,400 were armed combatants from both the Syrian army and rebel forces. Of this casualty count,  around  are 1,900 opposition protesters.  It is estimated that more than 1.5 million Syrians were displaced as refugees to flee the war zones. The While UN is seeking a peaceful resolution to this conflict, Western allies of the Syrian revolutionaries are helping  the rebels in terms of armaments, logistics, funds, and intelligence.

 

 Thailand, South Thailand insurgency (2004 to present)                 

 

The conflict is due to the armed movement launched by an ethnic separatist group in Southern Thailand  seeking to gain independence from Thailand.  It was assessed that the one of the possible root causes of the conflict is the resistance of the predominantly Islamic populace over the prevalent Buddhist culture in that region                  The insurgency is on-going with an estimated 4,800 casualties.

 

 

 

 

 

Cambodian–Thai border Dispute (2008 to present)                 

 

Thailand and Cambodia are disputing the area near the Preah Vihnear Temple located in the Dangrek Mountains between the Choam Khasnt district in the Preah Vihear province of northern Cambodia, which is also near the Sisaket province of Northeastern Thailand. Both countries have accused each other of violating territorial rights in the disputed border. Both countries are  incurring casualties, damages, and injuries due to the current dispute.

 

Turkey, Kurdish-Turkish Conflict (1978 to present)                 

 

Kurdish insurgent groups are seeking separation from Turkey to establish an independence Kurdistan State, or at least be permitted to enjoy autonomy, cultural liberty, and political independence. This insurgency is being led by the Kurdistan Workers' Party or the Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan (PKK). However, the PKK is listed as a terrorist group in   Turkey, the United States, the European Union and NATO.                  

 

 Yemen , Shia insurgency (2004 to present)                   

 

The Shia insurgency in Yemen is a civil war being waged in Northern Yemen, launched by dissident cleric Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, head of the Shia Zaidiyyah  in June 2004.                  The Houthis are seeking to overthrow the current government  and to establish Shī‘a religious law. To justify their insurgency, the insurgents claim that they are just defending their region from discrimination and government abuses. The Yemeni government alleges that Iran is funding the insurgency. It is estimated that 25,000 people were already killed because of this conflict and displaced 250,000 people.

 

Yemeni Revolution (2001 to present)                 

 

Yemeni protesters took the streets to rally against  corruption, unemployment, and poor economic conditions resulting into poverty and discontent. This took place during the Tunisian and Egyptian uprising, a 'rebel’  movement in the Africa and Middle East popularly  coined as the 'Arab Spring'. These series of street protest culminated in a rally attended by more than 20,000 in February 2011. The protesters were demanding the resignation of  Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh. In March 2011, government forces killed at least 52 protesters that resulted into escalation of conflict between the protesters and President Saleh.International interventions has resulted into the resignation of Saleh and transfer of power to a transitional government, leading to a democratic election. The conflict has claimed more than 2,000 casualties, displacements, and injuries to the populace.

 

EUROPE                                                     

 

 Ireland, Dissident Irish Republican Campaign (1998 to present)                 

 

Paramilitary groups, namely the Real IRA and Continuity IRA,  continue to wage war against the British government. These paramilitaries engage in bombing and violence that has resulted into 3,500 deaths. The dissidents most infamous violent act occurred during the  Omagh Bombing  which killed 29 civilians. To date, the British government is still cracking down on the dissidents.