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Refugees are people who are forced to be displaced across the border of their own country to escape violence, persecution, and injustice.   In 2011,  UNHCR estimated that there are 15.2 million refugees worldwide.  Overall, Afghanistan remains the biggest producer of refugees (2.7 million) followed by Iraq (1.4 million), Somalia (1.1 million), Sudan (500,000), and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (491,000). (UNHCR).

Countries With The Most Refugees In The World (by country of origin)
At The Beginning Of 2010

 

Country Of Origin

Continent(s)

Refugees

People In Refugee-Like Situation

Total

Assisted By UNHCR

1

Palestine [2]

Asia

4,861,847

24

4,861,871

14126

2

Afghanistan

Asia

1,905,804

981,319

2,887,123

2,781,156

3

Iraq

Asia

1,785,212

-

1,785,212

345,134

4

Somalia

Africa

678,308

1

678,309

568,840

5

DR Congo

Africa

455,852

-

455,852

263,042

6

Burma

Asia

206,650

200,019

406,669

197,465

7

Colombia

South America

104,388

285,365

389,753

79,375

8

Sudan

Africa

348,500

19,695

368,195

332,511

9

Vietnam

Asia

339,289

-

339,289

222

10

Eritrea

Africa

197,313

11,855

209,168

111,445

11

Serbia

Europe

195,167

459

195,626

19,068

 

Various

 

174,957

11,727

186,684

3,980

12

China

Asia

180,558

-

180,558

289

13

Central African Republic

Africa

154,005

5,549

159,554

153,343

14

Turkey

Asia / Europe

146,386

1

146,387

10,264

15

Sri Lanka

Asia

145,712

9

145,721

2,811

16

Angola

Africa

141,021

-

141,021

26,528

17

Rwanda

Africa

129,109

-

129,109

27,953

18

Western Sahara

Africa

90,474

26,000

116,474

90,407

19

Russia

Asia / Europe

109,455

-

109,455

2,986

20

Burundi

Africa

94,239

-

94,239

63,979

21

Bhutan

Asia

86,773

2,297

89,070

85,913

22

Croatia

Europe

76,478

-

76,478

65,632

23

Iran

Asia

72,773

1

72,774

15,097

24

Liberia

Africa

71,572

27

71,599

62,668

25

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Europe

69,911

107

70,018

30,941

26

Ethiopia

Africa

62,873

16

62,889

29,425

27

Chad

Africa

21,646

33,368

55,014

19,171

28

Mauritania

Africa

39,143

-

39,143

31,930

29

Pakistan

Asia

35,132

-

35,132

595

30

Ukraine

Europe

24,522

-

24,522

86

31

Haiti

North America

24,116

-

24,116

235

32

Ivory Coast

Africa

23,153

-

23,153

14,036

33

Zimbabwe

Africa

22,449

-

22,449

921

34

Congo, Republic of

Africa

20,544

-

20,544

8,724

35

Tibet (China)

Asia

20,080

-

20,080

-

36

India

Asia

19,514

-

19,514

19

37

Togo

Africa

18,377

1

18,378

7,809

38

Indonesia

Asia / Oceania

12,478

5,735

18,213

3,292

39

Armenia

Asia / Europe

18,000

-

18,000

207

40

Syria

Asia

17,884

30

17,914

1,153

41

Cambodia

Asia

17,011

14

17,025

106

42

Azerbaijan

Asia / Europe

16,939

-

16,939

2,468

43

Senegal

Africa

16,305

-

16,305

14,492

44

Lebanon

Asia

16,259

1

16,260

34

 

Stateless

 

15,864

2

15,866

176

45

Albania

Europe

15,711

-

15,711

14

46

Nigeria

Africa

15,608

1

15,609

376

47

Sierra Leone

Africa

15,417

-

15,417

3,281

48

Georgia

Asia / Europe

10,020

5,000

15,020

2,527

49

Ghana

Africa

14,890

3

14,893

137

50

Cameroon

Africa

14,766

-

14,766

2,156

51

Guinea

Africa

10,920

-

10,920

111

52

Bangladesh

Asia

10,432

-

10,432

28

53

Kenya

Africa

9,620

-

9,620

4,428

54

Laos

Asia

8,398

-

8,398

272

55

Algeria

Africa

8,184

1

8,185

134

56

Macedonia

Europe

7,926

-

7,926

17

57

Uganda

Africa

7,554

-

7,554

2,961

58

Cuba

North America

6,549

1,000

7,549

1,425

59

Egypt

Africa

6,987

3

6,990

61

60

Uzbekistan

Asia

6,669

-

6,669

486

61

Mexico

North America

6,435

-

6,435

7

62

Peru

South America

6,271

-

6,271

647

63

Venezuela

South America

6,221

-

6,221

216

64

Moldova

Europe

5,925

-

5,925

13

65

Guatemala

North America

5,768

-

5,768

72

66

Belarus

Europe

5,525

-

5,525

16

67

Nepal

Asia

5,108

-

5,108

58

68

El Salvador

North America

5,051

-

5,051

445

69

Romania

Europe

4,357

1

4,358

33

70

Kazakhstan

Asia / Europe

3,744

-

3,744

12

71

Mali

Africa

2,926

-

2,926

10

72

Bulgaria

Europe

2,745

-

2,745

13

73

Kyrgyzstan

Asia

2,612

-

2,612

24

74

Montenegro

Europe

2,582

-

2,582

2

75

United States

North America

2,367

1

2,368

9

76

Morocco

Africa

2,285

1

2,286

23

77

Tunisia

Africa

2,259

1

2,260

46

78

Libya

Africa

2,202

-

2,202

24

79

Jordan

Asia

2,127

2

2,129

30

80

Poland

Europe

2,059

-

2,059

5

81

Gambia

Africa

1,973

-

1,973

15

82

Yemen

Asia

1,933

1

1,934

256

83

Fiji

Oceania

1,892

-

1,892

-

84

Hungary

Europe

1,537

-

1,537

3

85

Mongolia

Asia

1,495

-

1,495

-

86

Nicaragua

North America

1,478

-

1,478

807

87

Chile

South America

1,312

-

1,312

8

88

Israel

Asia

1,310

-

1,310

19

89

Tanzania

Africa

1,204

-

1,204

25

90

Honduras

North America

1,166

-

1,166

25

91

Guinea-Bissau

Africa

1,109

-

1,109

32

92

Czech Republic

Europe

1,067

-

1,067

5

93

Ecuador

South America

1,027

-

1,027

14

94

Philippines

Asia

979

14

993

2

95

Burkina Faso

Africa

986

4

990

14

96

Brazil

South America

973

-

973

-

97

Kuwait

Asia

938

-

938

24

98

Namibia

Africa

921

-

921

885

99

Jamaica

North America

909

-

909

-

100

North Korea

Asia

881

-

881

20

101

St Vincent & Grenadines

North America

849

-

849

-

102

Niger

Africa

822

-

822

11

103

Latvia

Europe

791

-

791

3

104

Turkmenistan

Asia

743

-

743

29

105

Guyana

South America

727

-

727

-

106

Saudi Arabia

Asia

633

-

633

9

107

Djibouti

Africa

622

-

622

72

108

Argentina

South America

608

-

608

13

109

Bolivia

South America

573

-

573

100

110

South Korea

Asia

573

-

573

-

111

Tajikistan

Asia

562

-

562

41

112

Malaysia

Asia

532

-

532

-

113

Thailand

Asia

486

16

502

140

114

Lithuania

Europe

501

-

501

2

115

United Arab Emirates

Asia

414

-

414

-

116

Benin

Africa

411

-

411

18

117

South Africa

Africa

384

-

384

2

118

Costa Rica

North America

344

-

344

-

119

Equatorial Guinea

Africa

344

-

344

68

120

Slovakia

Europe

334

-

334

-

121

Grenada

North America

333

-

333

-

122

Saint Lucia

North America

314

-

314

-

123

Madagascar

Africa

274

-

274

1

124

Comoros

Africa

268

-

268

2

125

Estonia

Europe

248

-

248

1

126

Trinidad & Tobago

North America

240

-

240

-

127

Dominican Republic

North America

230

-

230

8

128

Zambia

Africa

206

-

206

1

129

Uruguay

South America

188

-

188

1

130

Germany

Europe

170

-

170

3

131

United Kingdom

Europe

155

1

156

-

132

Japan

Asia

150

-

150

-

133

Gabon

Africa

144

-

144

6

134

Mozambique

Africa

136

-

136

5

135

Malawi

Africa

130

-

130

2

136

Panama

North America

105

-

105

20

137

Canada

North America

99

-

99

1

138

France

Europe

87

-

87

-

139

Singapore

Asia

80

-

80

-

140

Bahrain

Asia

79

-

79

-

141

Paraguay

South America

77

-

77

4

142

Belgium

Europe

71

-

71

-

143

Papua New Guinea

Oceania

70

-

70

-

144

Qatar

Asia

68

-

68

-

145

Solomon Islands

Oceania

66

-

66

-

146

Oman

Asia

64

-

64

-

147

Greece

Europe

62

-

62

1

148

Dominica

North America

53

-

53

-

149

Seychelles

Africa

49

-

49

-

150

Suriname

South America

45

-

45

-

151

Italy

Europe

45

-

45

-

152

Netherlands

Europe

44

-

44

-

153

Slovenia

Europe

39

-

39

-

154

Spain

Europe

34

-

34

1

155

Kiribati

Oceania

33

-

33

-

156

Sao Tome & Principe

Africa

33

-

33

32

157

Swaziland

Africa

32

-

32

3

158

Portugal

Europe

31

-

31

-

159

Botswana

Africa

30

-

30

-

160

Barbados

North America

29

-

29

-

161

Antigua & Barbuda

North America

28

-

28

-

162

Australia

Oceania

28

-

28

-

163

Cape Verde

Africa

24

-

24

-

164

Mauritius

Africa

23

-

23

-

165

Sweden

Europe

18

1

19

-

166

Switzerland

Europe

18

-

18

-

167

Belize

North America

17

-

17

-

168

Maldives

Asia

16

-

16

-

169

Bahamas

North America

15

-

15

-

170

Austria

Europe

12

-

12

-

171

Hong Kong

Asia

12

-

12

-

172

Cyprus

Asia / Europe

11

-

11

4

173

Lesotho

Africa

10

-

10

-

174

Denmark

Europe

10

-

10

-

175

New Zealand

Oceania

10

-

10

-

176

Malta

Europe

9

-

9

-

177

Macao

Asia

9

-

9

-

178

Ireland, Republic of

Europe

7

-

7

-

179

East Timor

Asia / Oceania

7

-

7

-

180

Andorra

Europe

6

-

6

-

181

Finland

Europe

6

-

6

-

182

Tonga

Oceania

5

-

5

1

183

Iceland

Europe

4

-

4

-

184

Norway

Europe

4

-

4

-

185

Saint Kitts & Nevis

North America

4

-

4

-

186

Brunei

Asia

1

-

1

-

187

Cook Islands

Oceania

1

-

1

-

188

Gibraltar

Europe

1

-

1

-

189

Monaco

Europe

1

-

1

-

190

San Marino

Europe

1

-

1

-

191

Turks & Caicos Islands

North America

1

-

1

-

 

Confirmed Total

 

13,573,537

1,589,673

15,163,210

5,498,806

Source: Global Trends accessed from http://www.blatantworld.com/feature/the_world/most_refugees_by_country_of_origin.html